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Girona: history and culture

Geographically set at the conference of the rivers Ter, Onyar, Galligans and Güell, it has been a focal point in the history of Catalonia and Spain. The Romans settled her, built a citadel and called the town Gerunda. Later, the Visigoths ruled in Girona until it was conquered by the Moors. More than six centuries ago a vibrant Jewish community also flourished here and the medieval Jewish quarter remains today one of the best preserved in Europe. Overall, Girona has undergone in its long history twenty-five sieges and has been captures seven times. Today, the Old Town is on the east bank of the Onyar river, with narrows streets surrounded by the old city walls. Here and elsewhere, you’ll be able to find a mix of architectural styles, from Romanesque to modernism, excellent museums, lively arts and music festivals, and a rich variety of restaurants and shops. If you only have a day for this enchanting city don’t forget to visit the following sights: - The Cathedral of Girona from the 13th century is an excellent example of Spanish Gothic architecture and was used by the Moors as a mosque. It is approached by almost hundred steps. - The old fortifications, historically being a protection for the city against invaders, the city walls of the old town dated from the 1st century are nowadays a famous walk through were visitors can enjoy panoramic views of the city. - The church of Sant Pere de Galligans with its Romanesque style. - The Plaça de la Independència referring to the War of Spanish Independence against Napoleon Bonaparte, one of the most frequented places in Girona. - The Jewish quarter “El Call”, one of the best preserved Jewish quarter in Europe, once home to more than 1000 inhabitants. - The houses of the river Onyar. These colorful houses were built many years ago given the feeling of a small Mediterranean town. This ancient Catalan city is enchanting and has everything a visitor is looking for.